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Exit Medicals for Employees


Exit Medicals for Employees Introduction

If you are serious about the health of your employees, you will have had medical examinations at some point. There is a basic flow of medicals tests most companies follow. On this page, we will look at exit medicals and why they are important for your business.


Firstly, most companies start with a pre-employment medical. This will give you some indication of the employees’ health before they start. This is usually very similar to a baseline medical. This examination will determine pre-existing conditions. After about 1 year, the employee will have to undergo a routine medical examination. This will determine if there was any change in the employees’ health offer the last 12 months. Routine medicals are an ongoing test that will help you keep track of the employees’ health.


Secondly, an exit medical will be performed when an employee is relieved of their duties. This will show that the employee left your company in a healthy state. This can be vital prevent future claims.


Why is Exit Medicals Important?

Exit medicals are there to protect your company against future claims. It will serve as proof that the employee did not sustain any health problems while employed at your firm. An exit medical does not cost you an arm and a leg. It’s worth the cost to ensure that you do not have complications in the future.


Exit Medicals & the Law

It’s also important to understand that an exit medical is compulsory in certain industries. In terms of section 17 of the MHSA, if a mine performed medically surveillance on an employee, when the employee is terminated the employer is responsible for an exit medical. This is if the employee is terminated for any reason.

There is a maximum fine of up to R1 000 000 for any employer who fails to comply with section 17 of the MHSA.


Section 17 of the MHSA includes:

1. Exit medical must be held within 30 days of the date of the termination of employment;
2. Costs of clinical examinations and of any medical tests related to the exit medical examination must be paid by the employer
3. OMP must enter a copy of the exit certificate into employees’ record of medical surveillance, and must provide each employee with a copy of the exit certificate; and
4. Occupational Medical Practitioner (OMP) conducting the examination must produce an exit certificate with respect to each dismissed employee, indicating the results of all medical surveillance and the presence or absence of any occupational disease;

While section 17 requires an exit medical certificate by a qualified Occupational Health Practitioner, it only requires the employer to arrange the exit medical. It’s not the responsibility of the employer to ensure the employee undergoes the actual examination. The law places the obligation to attend on the employee.



Exit medicals are very important when you part ways with an employee. Regardless of the reason of termination, employers should ensure that an exit medical is arranged. Exit medicals will help prevent future risk for your company. A qualified OHS Practitioner must issue the exit medical certificate.

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